Pakistan Russia Defence Agreement
The security partnership between Islamabad and Moscow has grown and expanded since late 2014, when the two former rivals signed their defence cooperation agreement. The Soviet Union had much better relations with East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) and had close relations with the Communist Party after successfully staging the protest (see the Bengali Language Movement) to give national recognition to the language over Urdu in the 1956 Constitution.  The Communist Party had once and for all ensured the total abolition of the Pakistan Muslim League and led the collapse of the central government of the Pakistan Muslim League of the federal government.  The trend towards democracy and anti-American sentiment was greater in East Pakistan, where the Soviet Union benefited greatly in 1971.  When the Mutual Defence Treaty, after the arrival of military officials of the MAAG group, proclaimed in February 1954, caused a great outcry in eastern Pakistan. Numerous demonstrations, led by the Communist Party, took place and the 162 newly elected members of the parliament of eastern Pakistan signed a declaration denouncing the Pakistani government for the signing of a military pact with the United States.  ISLAMABAD, Pakistan – Pakistan and Russia on Thursday signed a “milestone” in military cooperation aimed at bringing peace and stability to the region, according to the Defense Ministry in Islamabad. “The signing of the military cooperation agreement between the two main countries in the region is an important step,” Asif said after the signing ceremony in a ministry statement. And yet, another obvious finding is that India is simply a larger market than Pakistan.
It makes no sense for Russia to exchange this market for Pakistan; the trick would be to either have both markets open to themselves or to retain a significant part of the Indian market. New Delhi has recently chosen military technologies that are often more advanced where possible, and therefore Russian products are less in demand than before. Nevertheless, many countries have competitive prices and some are still very attractive technologically, and not just for the poorest countries. The Indors arms trade still has a lot of potential, and the recent agreements and negotiations between Moscow and New Delhi bear witness to this (the recent agreement to sell the S-400 system to India is the best example, although it is a particular example). In October, Pakistan and Russia signed an intergovernmental energy agreement (IGA), paving the way for Russian giant Gazprom to begin negotiations on the delivery of LNG to Pakistan. The democratic socialist alliance, led by then-Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, sought to improve relations with the Soviet Union and, for the first time in Pakistan`s history, the Soviet Union`s relations with Pakistan began to warm and relations rapidly improved.